Reading Practice Test 2 [B2]
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– 8 questions –
Read the text below and decide which answer (A, B, C or D) best fits each gap.
Welcome to the Netherlands, a tiny country that only extends, at its broadest, 312 km north to south, and 264 km east to west – (1) … the land area increases slightly each year as a (2) … of continuous land reclamation and drainage. With a lot of heart and much to offer, ‘Holland,’ as it is (3) … known to most of us abroad – a name stemming (4) … its once most prominent provinces – has more going on per kilometre than most countries, and more English-speaking natives. You’ll be impressed by its (5) … cities and charmed by its countryside and villages, full of contrasts. From the exciting variety (6) … offer, you could choose a romantic canal boat tour in Amsterdam, a Royal Tour by coach in The Hague, or a hydrofoil tour around the biggest harbour in the world – Rotterdam. In season you could visit the dazzling bulb fields, enjoy a full day on a boat, or take a bike tour through the pancake-flat countryside spiced with windmills. The possibilities are countless and the nationwide tourist office, which is on hand to give you information and (7) … reservations. You’ll have (8) … language problems here, as the Dutch are true linguists and English is spoken here almost universally.CorrectIncorrect
– 8 questions –
Read the text below and think of the word which fits each gap. Use only one word in each gap.
The Goulburn Valley
The Goulburn Valley is situated in the south-east corner of the Australian continent, in the state of Victoria. Because (9) the introduction of irrigation over a century ago, primary industry flourished, resulting in a multitude of orchards (10) . market gardens. After World War II, migrants flocked to the area in search of work on the farms, and in (11) cases, establishing a property of their own.
Unfortunately, the region has taken a turn for the worse over the past decade. The irrigation water that was (12) plentiful has now been rationed, and many farmers have been forced (13) the land. The main source of water is from the Goulburn River, with several reservoirs located along its stretch to the mighty Murray River. Dam capacities have fallen to dangerous levels, resulting in some farmers having (14) inadequate supply of irrigation water.
(15) the recent hardships, some farmers have continued to eke an existence out of the land. Many have become (16) ingenious, devising new ways to utilize water plus finding special niches to service the ever-changing urban needs. Perhaps the Goulburn Valley can return to its prosperous times again.
– 8 questions –
Read the text below. Use the word given in capitals to form a word that fits in the gap. There is an example at the beginning.
UK companies have received (0) ….criticism… (critic) from a business forum for what their report refers to as a rather narrow-minded attitude towards the dress code for office workers. This follows a case in which a male (17) (employ) working in the post room of a large company in the United Kingdom received a (18) (suspend) for wearing jeans to work. Whilst the report accepts that there is a need for people dealing with (19) (custom) to look well dressed, it questions whether employees who work behind the scenes necessarily need to dress formally. The authors of the report made a (20) (compare) between the UK and other European nations where employers seem (21) (concern) about the need for their workers to wear smart clothes in the office. Their (22) (argue) is based on research that claims workers are far more (23) (product) when they have the (24) (free) to dress in a way that they feel most comfortable in.
Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.
0. A very friendly taxi driver drove us into town.
We …………………………………………………… a very friendly taxi driver.
The gap can be filled by the words ‘were driven into town by’, so you write:
Write the missing words in CAPITAL LETTERS.
25. Was it necessary for her to spend so much money on it?
Did spend so much money on it?
26. She’s driving too fast for me to keep up with her.
She for me to keep up with her.
27. Susan and Frank don’t like each other.
Susan and Frank don’t with each other.
28. It’s possible that he hasn’t been informed about his uncle’s death.
He informed about his uncle’s death.
29. Mark is very patient, he’ll never give up.
Mark is give up.
30. I’m sorry I didn’t go to college.
I to college.
Questions 31 – 36
Choose the answer which you think fits best according to the text.
She knew the street backwards, of course. How many times had she been dragged up it as a child by the wrist, whining and snivelling, always wishing she were somewhere else? Now she had no desire to be anywhere but here. This bustling traffic, these fuming buses, these chipped paving stones and boarded-up shop fronts, they were hers. Here, she would grow from defiant teenager to independent woman. When she was an old woman, she would gaze out over the lawns and say ‘Ah, Knox Road, that’s where I really came into my own’.
Number 126 was only a short walk from the bus stop, and she heaved her multiple bags onto her shoulders and trudged off, trying to maintain the elation as the straps dug into the flesh of her neck and fingers. Number 126 was set back slightly from the main road, with a concrete path and weed-patch at the front. The window frames were rotten and the paint chipped. Holly tried not to mind. It was what was inside that counted, after all. The coming-together of six individuals from diverse backgrounds. discussing politics, culture and art late into the night, sharing ideas, recipes, milk, shower gel and lovers – that would be what she’d look back on of course, not the paintwork. In the absence of either a bell or knocker, she rapped firmly on the door.
There was no reply. Holly peered through gap in curtains in the downstairs window, but there was nothing but gloom within. She could hear a faint thudding of a bass beat, but was not sure which house it belonged to. She rapped more firmly, and was searching for a pebble to throw to the upstairs window when the door opened. A shirtless, overweight twenty-something, with bleary eyes and greasy hair stood in the doorway wearing boxer shorts and mismatched socks.
“I’ve come for the upstairs room, I’m the new tenant,” said Holly brightly.
The man grunted slightly and moved aside. He gestured up the dim, uncarpeted stairway and began to shuffle along the dark hallway to the rear of the house.
“Top floor, is that right? I guess I just follow my nose!” Holly gave a high laugh, and received another grunt in reply. Then the man was gone.
Not to worry, he must be the quiet moody type, thought Holly, too caught up in his own profound thoughts for inane chit-chat. One day she would penetrate his hard outer shell and release the free spirit inside. Anyway, now for the stairs.
The four flights of stairs would be worth it, she’d decided when she picked out the flat, even if it did mean her going downstairs to get to the bathroom, because the room faced the front, and she could watch the world scurry by as she sipped her morning coffee. Kicking one bag in front and dragging the others behind, she finally made it up the four flights and flung open the door to her new room, her new haven, her new adult life.
Peeling beige wallpaper, a lumpy mattress on a chipboard bedframe, a bare light bulb, a flat-pack wardrobe inexpertly put together. All this, Holly could just about put up with, but when she saw the view from her window – a dull patch of grey sky, invariable whatever the angle, she finally had to admit to herself that her adult life was not getting off to a great start.
31. What can be inferred from the text?CorrectIncorrect
32. Where is Knox Road?CorrectIncorrect
33. What can be inferred about the character of Holly?CorrectIncorrect
34. What can be inferred about the man who opened the door?CorrectIncorrect
35. Which one is NOT true of Holly’s room?CorrectIncorrect
36. Which best describes the change in Holly’s emotions?CorrectIncorrect
Questions 37 – 42
You are going to read an article about the history of toasters. Six sentences have been removed from the article. Choose from the sentences A – G the one which fits each gap. There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use.
The History of the Toaster
Before the development of the electric toaster, sliced bread was toasted by placing it in a metal frame or a long-handled fork and holding it near a fire or kitchen grill. Simple utensils for toasting bread over open flames appeared in the early 19th century. Earlier, people simply speared bread with a stick, sword or knife and held it over a fire.
In 1905, Irishman Conor Neeson of Detroit, Michigan, and his employer, American chemist, electrical engineer, inventor and entrepreneur William Hoskins of Chicago, Illinois, invented chromel, an alloy from which could be made the first high-resistance wire of the sort used in all early electric heating appliances (37) .
The first electric bread toaster was created by Alan MacMasters in Edinburgh, Scotland. In 1893, Crompton, Stephen J. Cook & Company of the UK marketed an electric, iron-wired toasting appliance called the Eclipse. Early attempts at producing electrical appliances using iron wiring were unsuccessful, because the wiring was easily melted and a serious fire hazard. Meanwhile electricity was not readily available , and when it was, mostly only at night. The first US patent application for an electric toaster was filed by George Schneider of the American Electrical Heater Company of Detroit. AEH’s proximity to Hoskins Manufacturing and the fact that the patent was filed only two months after the Marsh patents suggests collaboration and that the device was to use chromel wiring. One of the first applications the Hoskins company had considered for chromel was toasters, but eventually abandoned such efforts to focus on making just the wire itself.
At least two other brands of toasters had been introduced commercially around the time General Electric submitted their first patent application in 1909 for one, the GE model D-12, designed by technician Frank Shailor, “the first commercially successful electric toaster”.
In 1913, Lloyd Groff Copeman and his wife Hazel Berger Copeman applied for various toaster patents and in that same year the Copeman Electric Stove Company introduced the toaster with automatic bread turner. (38) Before this, electric toasters cooked bread on one side and then it was flipped by hand to toast the other side. Copeman’s toaster turned the bread around without having to touch it.
(39) , which turned off the heating element automatically after the bread toasted, using either a clockwork mechanism or a bimetallic strip. However, the toast was still manually lowered and raised from the toaster via a lever mechanism.
The automatic pop-up toaster, which ejects the toast after toasting it, was first patented by Charles Strite in 1919. In 1925, using a redesigned version of Strite’s toaster, the Waters Genter Company introduced the Model 1-A-1 Toastmaster, the first automatic pop-up, household toaster that could brown bread on both sides simultaneously, (40) and eject the toast when finished.
By the middle of the 20th century, some high-end U.S. toasters featured automatic toast lowering and raising, with no levers to operate — (41) . A notable example was the Sunbeam T-20, T-35 and T-50 models (identical except for details such as control positioning) made from the late 1940s through the 1960s, which used the mechanically multiplied thermal expansion of the resistance wire in the center element assembly to lower the bread; the inserted slice of bread tripped a lever to switch on the power which immediately caused the heating element to begin expanding thus lowering the bread. When the toast was done, as determined by a small bimetallic sensor actuated by the heat passing through the toast, the heaters were shut off and the pull-down mechanism returned to its room-temperature position, (42) . This sensing of the heat passing through the toast, meant that regardless of the color of the bread (white or wholemeal) and the initial temperature of the bread (even frozen), the bread would always be toasted to the same degree. If a piece of toast was re-inserted into the toaster, it would only be reheated.
Questions 43 – 52
You are going to read a selection of letters from a motoring magazine. For each question, choose from the people (A-E). The people may be chosen more than once.
43. Which person had a parent who was accused of driving dangerously?
44. Which person bought a car?
45. Which person drove his girlfriend’s dad’s car?
46. Which person drove alone without a license?
47. Which person had to defend one of their parents?
48. Which person drove the family car without permission?
49. Which person used to make their father nervous?
50. Which person paid for driving lessons?
51. Which person had no driving instruction from their father?
52. Which person was given driving lessons by an older member of their family?