Reading Practice Test 4 [B2]
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– 8 questions –
Read the text below and decide which answer (A, B, C or D) best fits each gap. There is an example at the beginning.
A) situation B) place C) position D) site
Earth is the only (0) …….. we know of in the universe that can support human life. (1) …….. human activities are making the planet less fit to live on. As the western world (2) …….. on consuming two-thirds of the world’s resources while half of the world’s population do so (3) …….. to stay alive we are rapidly destroying the very resource we have by which all people can survive and prosper. Everywhere fertile soil is (4) …….. built on or washed into the sea. Renewable resources are exploited so much that they will never be able to recover completely. We discharge pollutants into the atmosphere without any thought of the consequences. As a (5) …….. the planet’s ability to support people is being reduced at the very time when rising human numbers and consumption are (6) …….. increasingly heavy demands on it. The Earth’s natural resources are there for us to use. We need food, water, air, energy, medicines, warmth, shelter and minerals to (7) …….. us fed, comfortable, healthy and active. If we are sensible in how we use the resources they will (8) …….. indefinitely. But if we use them wastefully and excessively they will soon run out and everyone will suffer.
– 8 questions –
Read the text below and think of the word which fits each gap. Use only one word in each gap.
Before Gutenberg (1394 – 1468), all books had to be copied by hand. The so-called ‘manuscripts’ of medieval times were laboriously hand-written, usually by monks (9) devoted years (10) the work. Earlier attempts had been made to produce printing ‘blocks’. The designs on playing cards (11) example were carved from wooden blocks which were inked and then printed onto cards. There are even examples of whole pages in books being hand carved and printed. Gutenberg however came up with the idea of printing using, not whole page blocks, but letter blocks. (12) he was a goldsmith (13) trade, he knew how to mould metal into whatever shape was needed. He made thousands of tiny blocks of ‘type’, (14) with a letter raised on it, which could be lined up and clamped into position in a ‘forme’ (page block). The type could be linked, paper laid on top, and the whole thing compressed by turning a handle. When released, the paper had the page printed on it. Years of work went into this invention. Gutenberg (15) to make the letters, develop an ink which would cling to metal (most didn’t), build the forme, and above (16) find the money to do all this while not working as a goldsmith.
– 8 questions –
Questions 17 – 24
Read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of some of the lines to form a word that fits in the gap in the same line. There is an example at the beginning (0).
An incredible vegetable
Garlic, a member of the Liliacaea family which also includes onions, is (0) (common) .…commonly…. used in cooking all around the world. China is currently the largest (17) (product) of garlic, which is particularly associated with the dishes of northern Africa and southern Europe. It is native to central Asia and has long had a history as a health-giving food, used both to prevent and cure (18) (ill) . In Ancient Egypt, workers building the pyramids were given garlic to keep them strong, while Olympic athletes in Greece ate it to increase their resistance to infection. The forefather of antibiotic medicine, Louis Pasteur, claimed garlic was as (19) (effect) as penicillin in treating infections. Modern-day (20) (science) have proved that garlic can indeed kill bacteria and even some viruses, so it can be very useful for people who have coughs and colds. In (21) (add) , some doctors believe that garlic can reduce blood (22) (press) . The only (23) (advantage) to this truly amazing food is that the strong and rather (24) (spice) smell of garlic is not the most pleasant!
Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.
0. A very friendly taxi driver drove us into town.
We …………………………………………………… a very friendly taxi driver.
The gap can be filled by the words ‘were driven into town by’, so you write:
Write the missing words in CAPITAL LETTERS.
25. You must do exactly what the teacher tells you.
You must instructions exactly.
26. So that Susan would be fit for the skiing, she went to the gym three times a week.
Susan went to the gym three times a week fit for the skiing.
27. It’s not worth inviting her to the party. She will never come.
There in inviting her to the party. She will never come.
28. She had to finish her homework before she went out.
She had to stay in her homework.
29. Jo had not expected the film to be so good.
The film had expected.
30. If Patrick does not arrange some more lessons, he will never pass his driving test.
Patrick will never pass his driving test some more lessons.
Questions 31 – 36
You are going to read an extract from a novel in which a young woman called Caitlin talks about her life on an island. Choose the answer which you think fits best according to the text.
We live on the island of Hale. It’s about four kilometres long and two kilometres wide at its broadest point, and it’s joined to the mainland by a causeway called the Stand – a narrow road built across the mouth of the river which separates us from the rest of the country. Most of the time you wouldn’t know we’re on an island because the river mouth between us and the mainland is just a vast stretch of tall grasses and brown mud. But when there’s a high tide and the water rises a half a metre or so above the road and nothing can pass until the tide goes out again a few hours later, then you know it’s an island.
We were on our way back from the mainland. My older brother, Dominic, had just finished his first year at university in a town 150 km away. Dominic’s train was due in at five and he’d asked for a lift back from the station. Now, Dad normally hates being disturbed when he’s writing (which is just about all the time), and he also hates having to go anywhere, but despite the typical sighs and moans – why can’t he get a taxi? what’s wrong with the bus? – I could tell by the sparkle in his eyes that he was really looking forward to seeing Dominic.
So, anyway, Dad and I had driven to the mainland and picked up Dominic from the station. He had been talking non-stop from the moment he’d slung his rucksack in the boot and got in the car. University this, university that, writers, books, parties, people, money, gigs…. And when I say talking, I don’t mean talking as in having a conversation, I mean talking as in jabbering like a mad thing. I didn’t like it …. the way he spoke and waved his hands around as if he was some kind of intellectual or something. It was embarrassing. It made me feel uncomfortable – that kind of discomfort you feel when someone you like, someone close to you, suddenly starts acting like a complete idiot. And I didn’t like the way he was ignoring me, either. For all the attention I was getting I might as well not have been there. I felt a stranger in my own car.
As we approached the island on that Friday afternoon, the tide was low and the Stand welcomed us home, stretched out before us, clear and dry, beautifully hazy in the heat – a raised strip of grey concrete bound by white railings and a low footpath on either side, with rough cobbled banks leading down to the water. Beyond the railings, the water was glinting with that wonderful silver light we sometimes get here in the late afternoon which lazes through to the early evening. We were about halfway across when I saw the boy. My first thought was how odd it was to see someone walking on the Stand. You don’t often see people walking around here. Between Hale and Moulton (the nearest town about thirty kilometres away on the mainland), there’s nothing but small cottages, farmland, heathland and a couple of hills. So islanders don’t walk because of that (line 23). If they’re going to Moulton they tend to take the bus. So the only pedestrians you’re likely to see around here are walkers or bird-watchers. But even from a distance I could tell that the figure ahead didn’t fit into either of these categories. I wasn’t sure how I knew, I just did.
As we drew closer, he became clearer. He was actually a young man rather than a boy. Although he was on the small side, he wasn’t as slight as I’d first thought. He wasn’t exactly muscular, but he wasn’t weedy-looking either. It’s hard to explain. There was a sense of strength about him, a graceful strength that showed in his balance, the way he held himself, the way he walked….
31. In the first paragraph, what is Caitlin’s main point about the island?CorrectIncorrect
32. What does Caitlin suggest about her father?CorrectIncorrect
33. Caitlin emphasises her feelings of discomfort because she……….CorrectIncorrect
34. In the fourth paragraph, what is Caitlin’s purpose in describing the island?CorrectIncorrect
35. In ‘because of that’ in line 23, ‘that’ refers to the fact that……….CorrectIncorrect
36. What do we learn about Caitlin’s reactions to the boy?CorrectIncorrect
Questions 37 – 42
You are going to read a magazine article about a type of fruit. Six sentences have been removed from the article. Choose from the sentences A – G the one which fits each gap. There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use.
Never mind the tongue twister – here’s the tongue trickster. Frank Parsons reports on the craze for a strange type of fruit.
Imagine drinking a glass of pure, freshly-squeezed lemon juice with nothing added. It’s enough to turn your stomach. (37) I watch as one-by-one they down the drink, tentative at first, and then smiling broadly as they declare, ”It tastes just like grandma’s lemonade.”
Fifty or so people crowd around a table on the rooftop terrace of Larry’s small but swish apartment. I edge my way forward and arrive at the table that positively groans with the array of food piled high. (38)
My host appears at my shoulder, and says, ”Here, have this.” This turns out to be a small red berry about the size of a blueberry, but slightly elongated, the shape of a coffee bean. He looks at the expression on my face. ”It’s known as the miracle fruit. Just put it in your mouth,” he instructs, ”and chew it slightly to separate the pulp from its seed.” (39) I obey his command and then discreetly spit the remains into my handkerchief while his glance is averted.
”Done?” he asks, turning back to me. I nod. He grabs a glass of the lemon juice from a passing waiter and offers it to me. ”Now drink.” I take a small sip, and close my eyes. The guests are right. (40)
My host states knowingly I have experienced first-hand the phenomenon of the Synsepalum Dulcificum, or the Miracle Fruit. This small berry has the amazing effect of causing bitter or sour foods to taste as sweet as sugar candy. (41) When it comes into contact with acidic foods, like vinegar, it starts to behave like a sweetener.
A native fruit of West Africa, the fruit was discovered by western explorers around 1725. (42)
Left uncultivated, the miracle fruit grows in bushes reaching six metres in height. It produces crops twice yearly, usually after the rainy season, and has attractive white flowers.
Despite being around for centuries it is only in recent years that the miracle fruit has been cultivated as a potential sweetener. There has been some albeit limited interest from the diet food industy. Not only that – the fruit can aid patients receiving medical treatment that may leave an unpleasant taste in the mouth.
Questions 43 – 52
You are going to read part of an employee handout regarding working with businesses in other countries. For each question, choose from the countries (A-D). The countries may be chosen more than once.
Which country is being referred to in the statements below?
43. “The people I deal with keep moving on to new jobs.”
44. “Unless you’re friends, they may not honour your agreement.”
45. “It’s frustrating because the official regulations keep changing.”
46. “Disagreements between colleagues are frowned upon.”
47. “The manager and another member of staff had a huge disagreement in the meeting, and no-one seemed to care.”
48. “They weren’t terribly charming – they just wanted to get on with making the deal.”
49. “I expected the manager to have more technical knowledge than he actually did.”
50. “I dealt with two companies in this country last year. One was really hierarchical, but the other was really modern.”
51. “The manager kept asking me about my wife and children. I don’t know why it was so important to him.”
52. “He has a PhD but he never refers to himself as a doctor.”